Wounds That Cannot Be Seen

We rarely talk about the lasting damage of emotional abuse from parents.

Emotional abuse is any type of abuse is any type of abuse that involves the continual emotional mistreatment of a child. It’s sometimes called psychological abuse. Emotional abuse can involve deliberately trying to scare, humiliate, isolate or ignore a child.

Have you ever been going about your day and then suddenly remembered something from your childhood that, only now as an adult, you realize wasn’t quite right?
Growing up in a dysfunctional family can lead to an equally dysfunctional adulthood. No matter how hard you try not to mirror your parents, there are triggers that can reignite the same negative behaviors in yourself.
Parenting is a hard gig; we all know and accept that. But sometime in the last few decades, we also started to accept the idea that parents will mess up their kids in ways that require a lifetime of therapy. It’s time to be the parenting generation that changes all that, and starts raising kids who don’t have to recover from their childhoods as adults.
The thing about having a narcissistic mother and/or father is that you have been taught to believe that you are the crazy and imbalanced one, instead of them. This causes you to constantly doubt yourself and any feelings you have about them.
Another major sign of being raised by narcissists is the constant guilt you struggle with. In other words, while you might suspect that there is something “off” with your parents, you feel ashamed to think about them in such a way, and you tend to start beating yourself up instead.
Name-calling, humiliating comments and other forms of shaming can inflict lifelong scars on children. Toxic relationships can deeply affect us at any age, but our greatest period of vulnerability exists in childhood. A toxic mother-child relationship influences us throughout our adult lives if not dealt with in a healthy manner.
Some people believe that showing tough love is an important way to ensure that their children are able to take care of themselves in the future. If you were the recipient of this approach on a regular basis, you might even believe that this has had a positive impact on your life. However, if you practically fall apart now because of any perceived failure or rejection, then this most likely stems from a parent’s toxic refusal to provide you with the right amount of security and affirmation while you were young. Tough love might work sometimes, but it cannot be the only approach a parent takes if they want their child to become a well-rounded adult.
Not many people realize that as a result of emotional abuse from parents has affected them in their adulthood. Talking to others or seeking help from a professional can also help.



Let us Talk

A new day has come,we have been waiting for so long and we give thanks to the Almighty for another day above the the ground.

It’s time to tour my beautiful City, Mombasa and it’s environs.
It’s evident that we are facing harsh economic times and cost of living has risen.
Everyone is busy trying out to put food on the table— Everyday you see them on the street not even making ends meet.

What kind of Life? — strife.
What kind of strife? — knife strife.

We meet children on streets, begging for money,’if you have any;but when you roll down the window, Boom! They take everything with the knife you didn’t see,not just your money— your keys & wrist watch but let’s not point fingers because this sick world ain’t made for children,If you look in their eyes you begin to realize or recognise that hunger makes us…

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Fire in the Amazon


The Amazon is the world’s largest and most diverse tract of rain-forest, with millions of species and billions of trees. It stores vast amounts of planet-warming carbon dioxide and produces 6 percent of the planet’s oxygen.

The Amazon which is the center of the world, right now, is experiencing climate collapse, there is nowhere more important and if we don’t grasp this, there is no way to meet that challenge. 

It has been reported that these fires did not start by a lightning strike or power line: They were ignited. And while they largely affect land already cleared for ranching and farming, they can and do spread into old-growth forest.

According to the BBC, heavy smoke travelling from the burning Amazon rain-forest had likely blocked the sun, leading to a citywide blackout.

When the story became world news, there was just one problem. The world did not know the Amazon was burning. There had been no front page reports or photographs or hashtags. 

When Notre Dame burned for 15 hours in April of this year, the story dominated world news. Ancient relics were saved, while the Cathedral’s wooden spire was engulfed by flames.

For three weeks the Amazon has burned. The single largest tropical rain-forest in the world, responsible for 20 percent of the clean air we breathe. It’s been long referred to as the “lungs of our planet“.

The Brazilian president, Jair Bolsonaro, has accused environmental groups of setting fires in the Amazon as he tries to deflect growing international criticism of his failure to protect the world’s biggest rain-forest. There have been more than twice as many fires in Brazil this year as there were over the same period in 2013. 

Brazil has had more than 72,000 fire outbreaks so far this year, an 84% increase on the same period in 2018, according to the country’s National Institute for Space Research. More than half of them were in the Amazon. 

According to an article by CNN, humans have been blamed for starting the Amazon fires, environmentalists said. 

Environmental organizations and researchers say the wildfires blazing in the Brazilian rain-forest were set by cattle ranchers and loggers who want to clear and utilize the land, emboldened by the country’s pro-business president.

The Amazon forest produces about 20% of the world’s oxygen, and is often called “the planet’s lungs.” According to the World Wildlife Fund, if it is irrevocably damaged, it could start emitting carbon instead — the major driver of climate change. 

The Amazon is burning: What you need to know according Al Jazeera. 


Leaders of the world’s major democracies are due to hold emergency talks this weekend on the wildfires engulfing the Amazon, as international efforts to force Brazil to change its deforestation policies gathered momentum. 


Why Foreign Aid will continue to Hurt Africa-Kenya

Cartoon by IGaddo

Is aid just an extension of colonial economics? Or a lifeline for imperfect but necessary support systems? That depends on how you choose to view things. I conclude that aid is just an extension of colonial economics.
Foreign aid in my view is a fraud and does nothing for inequality. Look at Kenya for example which is one of the continent’s most active hubs for foreign aid money.
We know that Kenya is now home to more than 12,000 NGOs that work in healthcare, education, human rights and civic engagement. The number has gone up as this is statistics from way back. Kenya has been exposed to a high degree of aid volatility due to the “stop-and-go” behavior of many donors. We live in the times where Kenya needs donors to finance its budget. We pay heavy taxes but Kenya does really need donors – although it certainly could use donor funds to bolster its development spending, as many emerging economies have demonstrated. Kenya is aid dependent.

It’s almost scary when you think about it. Why should an old and poorly-performing industry carry on, burdened with even more tasks, and provided with yet more money? I’m talking about foreign aid, whose mixed results have been reconfirmed countless times in the last 70 years.
I will refer to one of the most frequent criticisms of foreign aid and how it fuels rampant corruption in the countries like Kenya which receive it. Money that western countries markets to the gullible electorate as being destined to help the destitute in the third world ends up creating and supporting bloated and unnecessary bureaucracies in the form of both the recipient country governments and the donor funded NGOs. This results in making it all easy for the funds to be used for anything, save for what their developmental purpose should be, or what products and services would otherwise be supplied in an open market.

Money from rich countries has trapped many African nations in a cycle of corruption, slower economic growth and poverty. Cutting off the flow would be far more beneficial. When you look at China’s dominance in Kenya then you read about other African countries and how China has left them, you get scared.
If you have visited slums in any part of Africa, you’ll notice that they don’t change despite every now and then money is poured to them for upgrade and other projects like WASH.
What hurts is the fact that Kibera slum and Kawangware slum are just a few yards from the headquarters of the United Nations’ agency for human settlements which, with an annual budget of millions of dollars, is mandated to “promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.”
Giving aid to Africa remains one of the biggest ideas of our time — millions march for it, governments are judged by it, celebrities proselytize the need for it. Calls for more aid to Africa are growing louder, with advocates pushing for doubling the roughly $50 billion of international assistance that already goes to Africa each year.
Yet evidence overwhelmingly demonstrates that aid to Africa has made the poor poorer, and the growth slower. The insidious aid culture has left African countries more debt-laden, more inflation-prone, more vulnerable to the vagaries of the currency markets and more unattractive to higher-quality investment. It’s increased the risk of civil conflict and unrest (the fact that over 60% of sub-Saharan Africa’s population is under the age of 24 with few economic prospects is a cause for worry). Aid is an unmitigated political, economic and humanitarian disaster.
Aid for me is a form of exploitation of Africa’s people and its resources has been going on for at least the past 500 years. According to a 2014 report, Africa receives about $133.7 billion each year from official aid, grants, loans to the private sector, remittances, etc. But at the same time, some $191.9 billion is extracted from the continent in the form of debt repayments, multinational company profits, illicit financial flows, brain drain, illegal logging and fishing etc.
Africa suffers a net loss of more than $85 billion every year. Such a net outflow suggests that far from the West aiding Africa, it is Africa that is aiding the West.
Even after the very aggressive debt-relief campaigns in the 1990s, African countries still pay close to $20 billion in debt repayments per annum, a stark reminder that aid is not free. In order to keep the system going, debt is repaid at the expense of African education and health care. Well-meaning calls to cancel debt mean little when the cancellation is met with the fresh infusion of aid, and the vicious cycle starts up once again.
Came across an article that had highlighted the outcomes of the G8 conferences that had Africa at the top of its agenda. The article goes ahead and explains that the IMF had published a report entitled ‘Aid Will Not Lift Growth in Africa’. The reason I have referred to the 2005 article is because we are in 2019 and the situation is as was stated in the report.
I have had the privilege to get a glance at some of the proposals NGOs, government and private sectors use to fundraise and I think it’s time we became modest with claims that aid will solve Africa’s problems.
Let me touch on a body I enjoy calling out, the African Union, in 2002, they estimated that corruption was costing the continent $150 billion a year, as international donors were apparently turning a blind eye to the simple fact that aid money was inadvertently fueling grant. With few or no strings attached, it has been all too easy for the funds to be used for anything.
Fast forward for a min, China is pumping money in Kenya with as they claim with no strings attached. Obviously, they would not admit that they have some strings attached but if we all refer to articles that tell of effects of China’s dominance in Africa, then you will nullify the claim that their aid comes with no strings attached.


To every child – I dream of a world where you can laugh, dance, sing, learn, live in peace and be happy.

International Day of the African Child is celebrated on 16th June every year.

The theme of this year’s celebration is “Humanitarian Action in Africa: Children’s Rights First”. Humanitarian actions are mainly offered to assist those who have no power or abilities on their own to seek and acquire basic amenities for everyday living while upholding their human dignity. It is estimated that there are at least 13.5 million African children who have been displaced from their homes through conflicts, climate change and poverty and are in need of humanitarian help. These children live as refugees, migrants or internally displaced persons, existing from day to day without the facilities and opportunities to fulfill their potential in life.The figures become more worrisome when Orphaned and Vulnerable children (OVC) are added to the total tally.

To mark Day of the African Child, I had a look at how a lack of investment in early childhood education is affecting those who need it most.

Day of the African Child has its origins in a shocking tragedy from 1976 – when a protest by schoolchildren ended in bloodshed. But over 40 years later, children in many African countries are still deprived of their basic right to a quality education.

That starts with pre-primary education. 90% of a child’s brain development happens before the age of five, so the early years are crucial in providing a foundation for learning.

Children who receive pre-primary education are better equipped for primary school and less likely to drop out. But a severe lack of investment in early childhood education is putting millions of children at a disadvantage before they even start school.

Large parts of Africa have an extremely low rate of early childhood education – with only one in four children aged three to five attending some form of preschool in sub-Saharan, West and Central Africa.

It’s important to note that the Day of the African Child is held on June 16 each year to mark the horrific killing of South African school students in 1976. Thousands of children in Soweto were protesting about the poor quality of their education and the fact that the minority white language was being forced into their schools.

Their peaceful demonstration ended in a mass killing when police began shooting at children. There are various reports of how many died – 176 is the figure usually given but some estimates put the toll at 700.

To commemorate the Soweto victims, June 16 was declared as the annual Day of the African Child in 1991 by the Organisation of African Unity – now the African Union. It promotes children’s rights and features events in African countries and around the world.

What the future holds – without urgent action

Africa faces having an increasing share of the world’s out-of-school and uneducated populations of young people.

The Sustainable Development Goals agreed by world leaders include this target: “By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education.”

On current trends, according to the Education Commission, by then:

Africa will have one-third of the world’s children but 70% of the out-of-school population – compared to 40% today.

Over 60% of children will not achieve primary-level skills – compared to 40% today.

A population lacking skills and opportunity will mean that 90% of the world’s poor will be in Africa.

Today, am calling on national governments to spend 10% of their education budgets on pre-primary and for 10% of donors’ humanitarian aid for education to go to pre-primary.



Image: Alex Iby

Weekend Vibes..

My mentor recently told me that anytime I find myself angry or upset with someone, I need to look at what it is in them that I see in myself. What is it triggering in me that needs to be healed? This was really difficult for me at the time to swallow because often I just thought someone was being a total jerk and I certainly didn’t think I was one. Besides, I felt justified in my anger and certainly whatever that person did to me I wasn’t responsible for!

The truth is, she was right. She’d noticed that I would often find myself triggered by something someone said or did and mentioned. At first, I almost got defensive thinking she did not understand why I was so upset but after a vulnerable conversation, I it was clear this habit of looking within myself to uncover the true source of the upset, it always did come back to me.

So today I woke up with a new mindset, I can testify that true relationships are our greatest mirrors into ourselves. They are the ones that trigger our deepest wounds the most… the ones where we really get the opportunity to work on our stuff. How many times have you found yourself frustrated and angry at your best friend, spouse or your children, accusing them of things you yourself know you do?

Real talk….

For example, am very irritated by people who are persistent and sensitive and want to drain my energy and I even have a name for them ‘Energy Vampires’ I find myself telling friends how much this drives me crazy… and in the midst of venting realize I’m describing myself! I have always hated how sensitive I am. So, when they react to something, I feel is minor, get triggered because it’s a trait I dislike in myself. So, I use them as an opportunity to heal that wound in me by showing them compassion in those moments. I ask myself, “What would I want my own mother to say to me if I was upset about something even if it seems minor to her?” I know I would want her to acknowledge my feelings. I’d want her to tell me it’s Ok that I’m upset and not judge me. I would want her to comfort me. By showing this same compassion towards my friends or colleagues, I’m starting to let go of that judgement I have towards myself that I’m too sensitive.

If we look at some of our closet relationships… the ones with our parents, our siblings, our closest friends, our partners, we can surely find dozens of examples of things they do that trigger us on a daily basis and cause repeated arguments. Or resentments we are holding onto that we can’t seem to let go of.

This morning during my daily reading rituals, I came across an article that triggered and eventually inspired this piece. Don’t be surprised if I say it was a 2000-word piece but I can’t recall much but I picked a challenge which said that when you find yourself in a situation where you are angry and upset at someone, ask yourself these 3 important questions:


  1. Why is this situation so upsetting to me?
  2. What is MY part in this?
  3. What is this really about for me?


Most of the time, whatever we are feeling is about us… our egos…. the wounds from our childhood we still haven’t healed, guilt we are feeling about something, or our simple unequivocal need to be “right”. All of these things chip away at our happiness and inner peace. And leave us in a state of conflict and suffering with the people we love most.

So, here’s my take-away, free life skill that I am now equipped with the next time someone pushes your buttons and you find your blood boiling, stop… take a deep breath. And bring it back to you. What are you willing to own? What are you willing to let go of to end the conflict? Because you can’t change what other people say or do, but you can change your reaction to them. You can own your piece of it. You can choose to not allow what they are saying or doing upset you. You can see at it as a fabulous opportunity to look within and discover things about yourself you didn’t even know were there.

After yesterday, I even want to say “thank you” the next time someone pisses me off. Why? Because someone made me look at that person differently like they will most likely end up being one of my greatest teachers.

So, here’s a Thank you to you! Yes you! You make me a better person!!!!!

Sudan Uprising-Op-Ed

Sudan Ongoing Uprising.
Image: Reuters

This is a developing story…

In June 2019, Sudanese security forces attacked protesters in the country’s capital, Khartoum, killing dozens of people. Numerous reports from Khartoum say the paramilitary unit, the feared Rapid Support Forces (RSF), had been spotted roaming the city’s nearly deserted streets, targeting civilians.

Internet connectivity has been partially disrupted since Monday 3rd June 2019. The new outages come amid reports of shots fired at protesters continuing sit-ins at Khartoum. Media reports have reported continued to suppress critics and unlawfully detain people for peaceful protest.

Since the start of the uprising, almost 100 people have died by a paramilitary unit during the protests but a Sudanese official has denied admitting to 46 protest deaths. An article by BBC stated that doctors linked to the opposition said at least 100 people have been killed in the capital, amid pro-democracy protests. They went ahead and said 40 bodies were pulled from the River Nile last week.

On June 11, 2019, Reuters published an article stating that the opposition says 118 people were killed in last week’s violence yet authorities put the death toll at 62.

So, what the lead-up to the latest violence?

Sudan has been controlled by a military council since pro-democracy protests led to the ousting of veteran President Omar al-Bashir in April, after 30 years of authoritarian rule. Demonstrators had been occupying the square in front of the military headquarters, while their representatives had negotiated with the military council and had agreed to a three-year transition that would culminate in elections.

On Monday 3rd June 2019, security forces swept in and opened fire on unarmed protesters in the square. The recent updates now state that General Fattah al-Burham, the head of the military council, announced that the agreement was cancelled and an election would take place within nine months.

Interesting Dynamics during the uprising analysis:

There rumors of Iran’s involvement in Sudan’s Uprising and relationship with Sudan is long and well established, it began when Brigadier Omar al Bashir seized power in Khartoum in 1989. Tehran supplied Bashir with weapons and oil during the revolution.

It has been reported and documented before that Sudan has repeatedly supported Iran’s nuclear program in its public rhetoric.

When you look at the economic relations of Sudan and Iran you’ll come across Bilateral trade between Iran and Sudan reached $43 million a year in 2006, though Iranian Ambassador to Khartoum Reza Amiri expressed hope that the number would increase it to $70 million.

Let’s go a few years back, In February 2008 during the African Summit held in Ethiopia, Sudan and Chad accepted Iran’s offer to mediate an ongoing dispute over violence in Sudan’s Darfur region.

How did it all begin?

The unrest in Sudan can be traced back to December 2018, when President Bashir’s government imposed emergency austerity measures in an attempt to stave off economic collapse.

Cuts to bread and fuel subsidies sparked demonstrations in the east over living standards and the anger spread to Khartoum.

The protests reached a climax on 6 April, when demonstrators occupied the square in front of the military’s headquarters to demand that the army force the president out.

Five days later, the military announced that the president had been overthrown.

Who is in power now?

A council of generals assumed power on 11 April but it has struggled to return normality to the country.

The seven-member Transitional Military Council (TMC) is led by Lt-Gen Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan. The council says it needs to be in charge to ensure order and security.

But the army is not a unified force in Sudan. There are other paramilitary organisations and various Islamist militias that hold some sway.

The military has also faced international condemnation for launching a violent attack on protesters in Khartoum on 3 June which reportedly left at least 30 dead.

The US condemned what it called a “brutal attack” and the UK said the military council bore “full responsibility”.

In response, the TMC expressed “sorrow for the way events escalated”, saying that the operation had targeted “trouble makers and petty criminals”.

Does Sudan have an opposition party?

The economic problems brought Sudanese from all walks of life to the streets, but the organisation of demonstrations was taken on by the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA) – a collaboration of doctors, health workers and lawyers.

The protesters are mostly young, reflecting the country’s demographics, but people of all ages have been seen in the crowds.

Women are at the forefront of the demonstrations and a video of a woman who has been named Kandaka, meaning Nubian queen, leading the chants has gone viral.

The protests broadened into demands for the removal of Mr Bashir – who had been in charge for 30 years – and his government.

The 2018-2019 Conflict:

On 19 December 2018, a series of demonstrations broke out in several Sudanese cities, due in part to rising costs of living and deterioration of economic conditions at all levels of society. The protests quickly turned from urgent economic reforms into demands for President Omar al-Bashir to step down.

The violence of the government’s reaction to these peaceful demonstrations sparked international concern. On 22 February, al-Bashir declared a state of emergency and dissolved the national and regional governments, replacing the latter with military and intelligence-service officers. On 11 April, the military removed al-Bashir from power in a coup d’etat.

Attacks on Civilians

The African Union (AU) has suspended Sudan’s membership with effect following the brutal crackdown on Monday 3rd June 2019 on peaceful protests in the capital. According to international sources, such as Amnesty International and Al Jazeera, more than 500 were injured and over 100 have so far been confirmed killed.

Sexual Violence

According to an international statement by Christian Aid, at least three cases of rape were also reported during an attack on the sit-in. The attack occurred as protesters were sleeping; they were subsequently pursued in their homes and in hospitals. At least three hospitals were attacked, with reports of doctors assaulted. Since then, key opposition figures have reportedly been detained and beaten.

Restrictions on Freedom of Expression

A government blackout on almost all internet and phone services has made getting information out of Sudan difficult, but Sudanese people in the diaspora told BuzzFeed News their relatives were going as far as sleeping under their beds, worried that state security forces could break into their homes at night.

The Sudanese authorities have extended an internet blackout into a second week, forcing citizens in Khartoum to find new ways to communicate as a bloodied protest movement regroups after a brutal crackdown. The blackout is the latest in a series of controversial disruptions to internet services in Africa this year, where authoritarian governments are increasingly leaning on telecom firms to shutdown communications services to disarm opposition movements or hide rights violations.

A spokesman for Sudan’s military leaders said the internet had been disconnected for a limited time but provided no justification. A spokesperson for the state-owned Sudatel said he had no information about any instructions from the government to shutdown services.

The internet shutdown, which the government enforced on Monday, was reminiscent of the social media blackout issued on Dec. 20, 2018, shortly after protesters took to the streets over a failed economy and cashless ATMs. This has made it nearly impossible for Sudanese people in the country to communicate with their loved ones in the diaspora. Several sources that BuzzFeed News has been in regular communication with for months have been unable to take calls or return messages this week.

As of June 12, BBC reported that Sudan talks to resume soon as opposition halts strikes, said mediator from Ethiopia. Sudan is in the midst of a political crisis after security forces opened fire on pro-democracy protesters in the capital, Khartoum.

The full extent of the crimes is not clear. The military council shut down the internet, slowing the flow of information from Sudan. The death toll was initially reported around 30, but by Wednesday, information emerged that it was much higher. The Sudanese doctors committee, which has reported on casualty figures for months, now estimates 107 killed and over 500 wounded. They said 40 bodies were pulled out of the River Nile, footage showing some with limbs tied to cement bricks to keep them under water. Many people are still unaccounted for, including opposition leader Yasser Arman, who was violently abducted from his home on Wednesday. His family members don’t know where he is being held and fear for his safety.

Political and Legislative Developments

Historical Background

Implementation of the 2015 peace agreement effectively stalled, and the government used repressive tactics to silence opponents. In January, a year after a controversial decree created 28 states, President Kiir created four more states, bringing the number to 32. The creation of new states has contributed to inter-communal tensions in several locations.

In March, Kiir replaced legislators aligned with former Vice President Riek Machar with those aligned with Taban Deng Gai, whom Kiir appointed as first vice-president in the transitional unity government in July 2016. Riek Machar remained in exile at time of writing.

In May, Kiir sacked Paul Malong, the army chief of staff, and placed him under house arrest in Juba. Malong was allowed to leave the country in November, following a standoff between the army and his guards. A former deputy chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Thomas Cirillo, resigned in February, accusing the government of “ethnic cleansing,” and started a new armed rebel movement, the National Salvation Front, which fought against Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition forces in Central Equatoria.

Kiir launched a national dialogue process in May over objections from key opposition figures who declined to join. Kiir also announced plans to hold elections in 2018, originally slated for 2017 despite UN and Africa Union (AU) warnings that the country’s conflict and conditions are not conducive to holding a free and fair election.  

Accountability and Justice

Developing story

Key International Actors/Interventions

Most African and western countries have backed the protesters but Saudi Arabia and the UAE, who have generally supported the TMC, have urged the two sides to engage in discussions.

The African Union (AU) has suspended Sudan from its membership until a civilian led transitional authority is established.

The UN are removing all non-essential staff from Sudan but China and Russia have blocked moves to impose sanctions.

The US National Security Advisor, John Bolton, condemned the Khartoum violence, calling it “abhorrent”.

But the BBC Africa editor Fergal Keane said this will only mean something if the US demands that its regional allies – Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates – exert pressure on the Sudanese military.

Human Rights Watch in their report noted that the United Nations Security Council should halt the withdrawal of the UN-African Union peacekeeping mission from Darfur in view of the political instability in Sudan and continuing insecurity for civilians, Human Rights Watch said today. This week, the Security Council will discuss the mandate of the joint mission (UNAMID), which is up for renewal at the end of June 2019 and it is slated to shut down in 2020.

The article goes ahead and notes that based on credible reports, Rapid Support Forces now occupy 9 of 10 sites vacated by the peacekeepers within the past eight months, and the transitional authorities have demanded that the mission should hand over the rest of its sites to the forces.

The situation in Darfur has clearly been affected by national dynamics, with authorities cracking down violently on protesters and killing at least 15 since April. In addition, throughout the year, attacks on civilians, including by the RSF, continued, especially in Jebal Mara region of Darfur, forcing civilians to flee.

Human Rights Watch has repeatedly warned that the downsizing reflected a false narrative about Darfur’s war ending and would severely undermine the peacekeepers’ ability to monitor human rights and protect civilians across a still-volatile region.

Christian Aid is one of 30 global agencies who are today demanding urgent international action to prevent further violence after the killing of peaceful Sudanese democracy protesters.

In a letter, Christian Aid and other civil society organisations voice strong condemnation of the “horrific” attacks on protesters in Khartoum which began on June 3 which have claimed at least 100 lives and injured hundreds more.

According to Amnesty International through a report on 11 June 2019, fresh evidence of government-sponsored crimes in Darfur shows draw down of peacekeepers premature and reckless.

Amnesty International through an article on their blog said it has disturbing new evidence, including satellite imagery, showing that Sudanese government forces, including the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and allied militias, have continued to commit war crimes and other serious human rights violations in Darfur. In the past year these have included the complete or partial destruction of at least 45 villages, unlawful killings, and sexual violence.

More information on the findings by Amnesty https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/06/sudan-fresh-evidence-of-government-sponsored-crimes-in-darfur-shows-drawdown-of-peacekeepers-premature-and-reckless/